Key Stage 2


Text type: Inform        Theme: Geography

WALT: use atlases, maps and internet tools (Google Earth) to build a profile of a chosen country

The following plan has been devised to enhance Geography skills and knowledge and language using KS2 objectives from the National Curriculum. Later in the week, the children will build a fact file or profile of a chosen country, taken from their research. This will include appropriate geographical information.

Key vocabulary


Country, continent, climate, temperature, arctic circle, equator, physical, human, features, coordinate, scale, tropic of Capricorn, tropic of Cancer, industry, population, border  

Look at these WAGOLLs to see how you could lay out your profile or fact file.

Fact file - Easier

Fact file - Harder

Before you start to research, familiarise yourself with Google Earth. See if you can locate, Oxford, Didcot, Blewbury, your street/road, your house, the school, a friend or a family member’s house who doesn’t live in the area e.g. grandparent or cousin maybe? Also, find somewhere you have been on holiday OR somewhere that you would like to go. For example, can you find Disney Land or Bondi Beach?

Section 1: Knowing the basics


Writing Reading (easier) Reading (Harder)
Take notes as you carry out your research

Read the PowerPoint Hemisphere, equator, tropics and poles.

This is a fantastic starting point and explains everything very clearly for the children.  


Watch YouTube video

Read the PowerPoint Invisible Lines of the Earth - lines of Latitude and Lines of Longitude.

This PowerPoint goes into much more detail giving geographical specifics about various countries on the different lines. It also covers time zones etc.  Definitely for more able Year 5/6 children.    

Watch YouTube Video…


You can extend your YouTube research if there is more you want to find out about. 

WALT – make quality legible notes 

WALT – understand how our globe is cut up into different sections.

WALT – understand and interpret the meaning of geographical words which are linked to the

Section 2 -Lines of latitude and longitude.


Research  (easier)

Research  (harder)

Easier- Make a mini glossary of key words. This should include a simple definition. 


Harder- Write a short paragraph about how and why our planet is split up into sections. Explain about the key ‘lines’ form the research section. You could give examples of situations where these lines would be useful.

Find out about…


The equator

The northern hemisphere

The southern hemisphere

The tropic of Cancer

The Tropic of Capricorn

The Arctic Circle 


Complete all of the research in the easier section and then look at different examples of how lines of latitude and longitude actually help us. Why do we need to divide the Earth up into these sections?


A good media clip for this is Dr Nagler’s Laboratory Latitude and Longitude.


See what else you can find online.

Take notes on any relevant findings. Make sure that they are organised under the different sections…





Northern Hem

Southern Hem

Artic Circle

Which continents does the equator pass through? (There are 3)

Which 13 countries does the equator pass through?

Find three countries in the northern Hemisphere

Find three countries in the southern hemisphere  

Do all of the research in the easier section AND…

Name all 16 countries that pass through the tropic of Cancer and all 10 countries that pass through the Tropic of Capricorn.


ALSO -List 3 differences and 3 similarities between the North Pole and the South Pole. 


Section 3 – Using google maps and google earth

Research (easier)

Research (harder)

Use Google Maps and Earth to investigate some of the counties from your research from section two.  


Use Google Maps to firstly to locate the country and understand where it is on the globe. Look at bordering countries and climate. 

Then, use Google Earth to zoom in from space. Google Earth will also give you lots of facts about that particular country as well as tell you the main landmarks and key features.

Choose a country on the equator, one on Tropic of Cancer, one on Tropic Capricorn and one in Arctic circle.

Again, use Google Maps and earth to locate but then extend your research but looking in more detail. If you have maps, atlases or globes at home remember to use them but the internet will inform you of all you need to know. Look at the following things…

1)     Climate

2)     Highest and lowest temperature

3)     Population

4)     Key physical features/Key human features   

5)     Languages spoken

6)     Bordering countries

7)     Highest point from sea level

8)     Indigenous animals native to that country

9)     Food

10)  Flag

Make some brief notes from the Google Earth facts

Use the country research sheet to record your ideas.


 Make notes on the four different countries above.

WALT – locate specific countries using Google Earth and Maps.  

WALT – To find out geographical facts about a particular country using Google Earth and Google Maps as a starting point.



Section 4 – Selecting a county

IMPORTANT: Remember that the country you chose this week will be the basis for your descriptive writing next week so pick wisely!


Writing (easier)

Writing (harder)

Read through and review your notes on the various lines of latitude and longitude.

Use you notes to decide which country most interests you from the research you have undertaken this week.   

Write a fun fact file about a country from your research. Remember to talk about which line of latitude/longitude it appears on. Give some information about

·       Climate

·       Population

·       Key Landmarks 

·       Animals

·       Flag


Can you jazz it up with min-colourful illustrations? Make it really informative but also attractive. 

Create a county profile using the different things listed above. Try and present it in a clear easy-to-understand way.




Once you have finished your fact-file/country profile, make sure you have read and edited your work to ensure that you are totally happy with your final piece. Then send to your class teacher. If they receive it before Thursday lunchtime, it will be considered for a certificate.

. But don’t worry, if it takes you a little longer there are always certificates being given out next week!