Reception/ KS1

If you have previously been using Mrs Gregory's phonics planning, then you will find it at the bottom of the page.

Phonics – A parent’s guide.

Phonics is recommended as the first strategy that children should be taught in helping them learn to read.

So, what exactly is phonics?

Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. For example, cat is made up from three units of sound c-a-t. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes (sounds) that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read words and to spell words.

In phonics lessons children are taught three main things:


This stands for grapheme phoneme correspondences. This simply means that they are taught all the phonemes (sounds) in the English language and ways of writing them down (graphemes- which are the letters).


Children are taught to be able to blend. This is when children say the sounds that make up a word and are able to merge the sounds together until they can hear what the word is. This skill is vital in learning to read.


Children are also taught to segment. This is the opposite of blending. Children are able to say a word and then break it up into the phonemes (sounds) that make it up. This skill is vital in being able to spell words.

Sounds are taught in phases.

Phase 1: concentrates on speaking and listening skills. Singing rhymes, developing vocabulary, talking about the sounds that can be heard.  Orally segmenting and blending. c-u-p is cup.

Phase 2:  

The following sounds are taught in this order in phase 2.

s, a, t, p, i, n, m, d, g, o, c, k, ck, e, ur, h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

The following words are introduced in phase 2: Children need to be taught to recognise these words by practicing reading them, and writing them down, each day.

no, go, to, I, into, the

Phase 3:  

The following sounds are taught in this order in phase 3.

j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu, ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

The following words are introduced in phase 3: Children need to be taught to recognise these words by practicing reading them, and writing them down, each day.

he, she, we, me, be, was, you, they, all, are, my, her


Phase 4: The aim of this phase is to revisit all the sounds from phase 2 and phase 3 and then use them to build words for their writing. For example: w-e-n-t went, h-e-l-p help, s-t-o-p stop etc

These additional words are introduced in phase 4:

said, have, like, so, do, some, come, were, there, little, one, when, out, what


Phase 5:

Some of the sounds in the English language can be represented in a variety of ways.  For example the long a sound can be represented in these different ways:   ai, ay, a_e.  In phase 5 the sounds are taught in this order:

ay (day), ou (out) , ie (pie) , ea (sea) , oy (boy), ir (girl), ue (clue), aw (saw), wh (when), ph (phonics), ew (blew), oe (toe), au (haul), ey (money)


a_e (came) e_e (these) i_e (like) o_e (bone) u_e (rude)

These additional words are introduced in phase 5:

Oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, looked, called, asked, could



 The structure of a phonics lesson:

During a phonics session, which is roughly 20 minutes per day, children are introduced to a new sound.  The structure of each session is to: recap sounds already learnt; teach a new sound; practice the new sound; and then apply the new in writing. 

Children need to see how the sound is written (grapheme) and what it would sound like when spoken (phoneme).  It is really important that sounds are pronounced correctly. 

Watch this video for  information on how to pronounce sounds correctly. 


Now you are ready to begin teaching your child sounds - but which sound do you start with? 

If your child is in Mrs Gregory’s group, then start at phase 4 which will recap of all phase 3 sounds with new key words.

If your child is in Mrs Clark/Miss Freeman's group then start at phase 3 sound igh and then work forward in order through phase 3 and into phase 4.

If your child is in Mrs Eggleton’s group then start by recapping the sounds in phase 2 and then move on to phase 3.


If your child cannot remember which group they are in then please email Mrs Gregory and she will tell you.

You now have the sound you are starting from. If you follow the lesson structure below, working through the sounds and phases from above in order, your child will learn all the sounds they need.


Recap: 5 minutes

Write down 5 sounds that have previously been learnt and see if your child can read them.

Then hide the sounds and read them aloud as your child writes them down.


Twice a week do the above and also sing the alphabet song together. Click here for Youtube link.

Teach new sound: 10 minutes.

From this list of sounds above, choose the next sound to learn and write it down for your child so they can see how it is written.  Say the new sound together.

Play the jolly phonics Youtube clip

This video plays all sounds from the beginning.  It is worth watching from the beginning each day (singing along and completing the actions) as this will help your child to remember what they have already learnt. Stop the video after reaching the new sound for the day and repeat this new sound a number of times – song and actions.

Practice blending for reading. 5 minutes.

Write down 5 words with the new sound in.

For example: if the sound you are learning is ‘b’  you could use words such as:  bad, bag, cab, (Note the sound being learnt does not need to always be at the beginning of the word)

Encourage your child to sound out the words (b-a-d = bad) and read them.


Write a simple sentence together including one of the words they have just read.

For example :

Mum had a red bag.

Read the sentence together.


Once you have taught the new sound log in to phonics play here Image result for phonics play  

Username: March20  Password: home


Choose one of the games (for example Buried Treasure) and it will allow you to select the phase and the sound you have just been learning.  The  game will then automatically generate words from all the previous sounds learnt. This is an excellent way to reinforce all previous learning. 


How does my child learn the words within each phase?

To learn to read and write the words from each phases, write out 3 words (2 that the children already know and 1 new word) each week.  Read them often  and write them out once a day.


Following this basic plan will ensure your child learns all the sounds they need.  If you feel more confident at delivering phonics then Mrs Gregory has provided some detailed  plans which follow the same structure but add more variety to your daily session.  You can find these below.


Plans go in numerical order.  Wherever you begin, please only complete one session per day.  There is no need to try and catch up.

 Phonics - Mrs Gregory's Group
Showing 1-1 of 1
 Phonics - Mrs Clark's Group
Showing 1-1 of 1
 Phonics - Mrs Eggleton's Group
Showing 1-1 of 1

All groups - Phase 2 Flashcard warm up

All groups - Phase 3 flashcard warm up